Medication and surgery for Knee Osteoarthritis Treatments                          

Knee Osteoarthritis Treatment: Surgical Options - HealthXchange

With age, the cartilage between the knee joints tends to get damaged due to wear and tear. The primary function of the cartilage is to act as a shock absorber and help reduce the rubbing of bones leading to friction. Inefficient cartilage being unable to provide the cushion results in stiffness and pain in the knees. This condition refers to osteoarthritis, which may sometimes cause immobility and the formation of bone spurs. Though people over the age of forty-five are more prone to this condition, young people can also suffer from it. There are different types of treatment available depending upon the symptom and severity. Medication and surgery are the most common types of treatment you will notice.

Medication treatment for knee Osteoarthritis

The medication for knee osteoarthritis treatments [แนวทาง การ รักษา โรค ข้อ เข่า เสื่อม] generally includes over the counter drugs like some common pain killers. It is not advisable to consume these medicines for more than ten days without consulting your physician. The longer you take these medicines, the higher are the chances of side effects. It will be better to use prescribed inflammatory drugs if over-the-counter medicines fail to give the desired result. The doctors sometimes take the help of corticosteroid injection for the treatment as they can act as a lubricant between the knee bones. The application of topical creams consisting of capsaicin or glucosamine may be effective in giving relief.

Surgical treatment for knee osteoarthritis

There are three options of surgery available in curing osteoarthritis. Arthroscopy is a process that the surgeon mostly performs on patients aged below fifty-five. The procedure involves the removal of damaged cartilage and cleaning of the bone surface. Osteotomy includes modification of the shape of the bones to provide an improved knee alignment. You can see this surgery as most common in the case of incomplete healing of broken knee. People over the age of fifty-five or those suffering from severe osteoarthritis can go through arthroplasty that involves replacing knee joints with artificial metal or plastic materials. The surgery may take place on one side or the entire knee.